Mexico

Mexican Wedding Traditions
Many Mexican Americans desire a wedding which reflects their native heritage. You must understand where ancestors may have originated from to plan the wedding reflecting your heritage.We have included many traditions from Mexico. Please feel free to contact us with your comments, pictures, and any other traditions which you would like us to include.¬ Enjoy!

 

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Wedding Attire

Mirabel Mantilla wedding veilThe Bride may wear a mantilla veil, or a slim dress with a bolero jacket, or even a Flamenco-style dress with ruffles at the hem. In lieu of carrying flowers she may carry a fan. The groom may choose to wear a matadorian outfit – a bolero jacket with tight fitting pants, or, a¬†Mexican wedding shirt¬†with loose, drawstring pants. 

The mantilla on the left is the classic Spanish look, in the traditional chapel length with intricate lace detail throughout.

Raina Mantilla Wedding Veil, Gracie Wedding Veil, April Wedding Veil, Amor Mantilla Wedding Veil

From a reader:Dear Linda,

I was so pleased while reading through your wonderful collection of information about hosting a traditional Mexican wedding. You have all the details just right, and I really appreciate all the time you put into making this such a good resource. Your mention of the prayer over the bride brought back memories of my own wedding!

I thought, with your interest in Mexican culture, you might like to see the traditional Mexican dress I recently sewed and embroidered. These beautiful garments have existed since the 1600′s and each one tells a special story. Would my website be of use to you as a further resource for your readers?¬ .

My heritage is, in part, Hispanic, and I have always loved the beautiful, traditional clothing of Mexico. My family owns an heirloom dress from Oaxaca, but it is a little time-worn, and so I studied it and made myself a set of instructions from which I could recreate my own Mexican dress. It turned out to be so easy (made out of just 5 rectangles!) I thought I could share what I’d learned with others, and I’d be so pleased if you would take a look at what I’ve done and see if this could be a help to your readers.

Kind Regards,
Miriam Ellis

 

The Mexican wedding shirt has been around for the past 200 years. This shirt has a loose style, and, as a result, it can be worn by all shapes and sizes. These crisp, cool shirts are fresh, light, and flattering to any body shape.

The origin of the name came from a legend, which tells about a poor country wife that would sew large pockets in her husbands’ shirt for him to carry guava fruit home, thus giving it the name guayabera (guava = guayaba in Spanish ). Some say the shirt originated in Cuba and others swear it was in Mexico. Traditional linen guayaberas are still the most popular beach wedding shirts because of their comfort, style, and freshness.


Food & Music

Certificado de Matrimonio, decorative certificate can be framed and displayed in your home as a beautiful wedding keepsake; written entirely in SpanishTraditional foods include spicy rice, beans, tortilla dishes, using chicken and beef. Sangria is served. It is a cold drink made from red or white wine mixed with brandy, sugar, fruit juice and soda water.Salsa, merengue and the flamenco guitar music add a Latin flare to the reception.

Mariachi music consists of trumpets, drums, guitars, as well as harps and violins. The men wear black suits, their pants laced with silver. They may also dress in white. Music from the Veracruz region is played with more delicacy.

Musicians from northern Mexico dress in blue satin, with white frills and wear cowboy boots. Their music has a distinct staccato beat. Although the snare drum leads, accordion sounds will also be heard.

 

Major Religious Beliefs

Mikasa crystal wedding cross, altar crosses, beautiful cut crystal crossstone wedding cross for your wedding ceremony, handcrafted from stone quarried in the hills of JerusalemReed & Barton Abbey wedding cross for your wedding ceremony, shining silverplate finish

The major religious faith found in Mexico is Roman Catholic.Some of the customs of a Mexican wedding originated after the Spanish came to Mexico and intermarried with the native Aztec Indians, blending their religion with some of the Aztec customs of worship.

The Catholic Church went along with this because it was more acceptable for the Aztecs to want to call themselves “Christians” if the church would allow them to bring some of their own more familiar methods of worship into the church.

Today in parts of New Mexico (United States), wedding customs are mixed with Catholic/Aztec origins. About 40% of the Mexican people are traditionally Roman Catholics. The wedding service would follow the rules of the Catholic church, and is usually a full Mass.

 

Wedding Invitations

If a complete list is not included as a part of the invitation, a separate sheet listing the bridal party and sponsors is included. 

Wedding Traditions

In some cities of northern Mexico, there is the tradition of giving a ring called “of promise” that occurs before the ring of commitment, sometimes up to a year before giving the one of commitment. It is made generally in the long engagements, which are common in my area [pais].This tradition was shared with us by Cecilia Herrera

“Sponsors” are usually god parents or special others who contribute to the cost of the wedding. In establishing the wedding budget, and particularly in contracting for wedding services, it is important to know which sponsors may be paying for what part of the wedding.

Prior to leaving the home for the ceremony, the bride’s mother (or parents) offers a prayer with the bride.

Mariachis may replace organ music but the brides march is usually played on the organ.

Mexican weddings tend to be large with many attendants. The attendants are called madrinas and padrinos and they have special roles in the wedding.

The flower girl and ring bearer are dressed as miniature versions of the bride and groom. The madrina de ramo carries flowers for the Virgin Mary. The madrina de laso carries a jeweled or beaded rope that is placed around the couple as they say their vows, to symbolize their union.

 

The Thirteen Gold Coins  (Trece monedas de oro)
The madrina de arras holds the 13 coins the bridegroom presents to the bride. The coins, or arrhea, was a Roman custom of breaking gold or silver, one half to be kept by the woman and the other half by the man, as a pledge of marriage.

arras coins and cases, 13 gold coinsThe groom gives the bride thirteen gold coins as a symbol of his unquestionable trust and confidence. He pledges that he places all of his goods into her care and safekeeping. Acceptance by the bride means taking that trust and confidence unconditionally with total dedication and prudence.

The custom of the coins originated in Spain. Thirteen gold coins (arras) are given to the bride by the bridegroom, signifying he will support her. Often presented in ornate boxes or gift trays, this represents the brides dowry and holds good wishes for prosperity. These coins become a part of their family heirloom.

The number 12 represents Christ and his 12 apostles. The coins are presented to the priest by a friend or relative (usually the purchaser). The priest then blesses the coins and hands them to the bride who places them in the groom’s cupped hands at the beginning of the ceremony. The coins are then placed on a tray and handed to an assistant to be held until later in the ceremony. Near the end of the ceremony the box and coins are given to the priest who places the coins in the box and hands them to the groom.

The groom will then pour the coins into the bride’s cupped hands and places the box on top. This represent his giving her control as his mistress of all his worldly goods. (Sometimes their hands are tied with a ribbon for this portion of the ceremony.)

 

Other Participants
la madre handkerchiefThe madrina de copas carries the wine glasses for the toast. Madrinas or padrinos carry a prayer book, a rosary, a guest book for signatures and an embroidered pillow to commemorate the day.

There also is a madrina de velacion, who the bride has chosen to turn to for guidance throughout her married life. God parents of the bride and bridegroom give the couple a prayer book, rosary, and kneeling pillow for the ceremony.

kneeling pillowThe last persons in the procession carry the recuerdos, which are remembrances given to the guests. In addition there can be several sets of wedding sponsors, similar to god parents, who look after the couple promising them financial and spiritual aid.

 

The Sign of the Cross (Muestra de la cruz)
The priest makes the sign of the cross over the groom’s head. The groom kisses the cross. The bride kisses the cross. (This represents the swearing of faithfulness to one another.)

 

The Lasso (El lazo)
wedding lassoAs part of the ceremony to symbolize unity, a large loop of rosary beads or a lasso (cord) is placed in a figure eight shape around the necks of the couple after they have exchanged their vows. It also is beautiful when made of entwined orange blossoms (which symbolize fertility and happiness). A double rosary lasso may also be given by one set of the parents and may be blessed with holy water three times in honor of the trinity.

A special person/couple places the lasso around the shoulders of the bride and groom, groom’s shoulder’s first. The lasso may also be tied around their wrists. The couple wears the lasso throughout the remainder of the service. (The loop is symbolic of their love which should bind the couple together everyday as they equally share the responsibility of marriage for the rest of their lives.)

At the end of the ceremony, the lasso is removed by either the couple which placed the lasso on the couple, or the priest. The lasso is given to the Bride as a memento of her becoming the mistress of the groom’s heart and home.

Most weddings will use the mariachis at the end of the ceremony as a part of the recessional.

The reception is always family oriented and festive. Everyone is presumed to be invited.

For the bridal couple’s first dance, guests will gather in a heart-shaped ring at the reception around the couple. Salsa, merengue and the flamenco guitar music may add a Latin flare to the reception.

Favors could be wedding cookies wrapped in tulle, Spanish fans, note cards of Mexican painters, or pieces of pottery could be given.

 

Wedding Traditions

In ancient times, weddings were held in the bride’s yard or house. The groom traveled by horse to the bride’s house and after the wedding ceremony took his wife in a palanquin (cart) to his parents’ house to live. The bride and groom wore formal court costumes for the wedding ceremony. Ordinary people were permitted to wear the luxurious clothes only on their wedding day.Hand lanterns¬†are used for lighting the way from the groom’s home to the bride’s home on the night before the wedding. Traditionally, the groom’s family would carry a wedding chest filled with gifts for the bride’s family.

Wedding ducks¬†are a symbol for a long and happy marriage.¬ Cranes¬†are a symbol of long life and may be represented on the woman’s sash.

In larger cities, luxury hotels will have ‘wedding rooms‘ used specifically for wedding ceremonies. These rooms are decorated with a wedding motif and rented to couples.

 
Resources and References

Special thanks to Lois Pearce, Master Bridal Consultant of Hamden, Connecticut, for her time and energy gathering the majority of information used here. We also wish to thank the Association of Bridal Consultants for their assistance.

Please note that the information contained in this category should be considered general in nature. We believe it to be a true and accurate representation of some of the customs and traditions for this country or religion. Information provided by individuals and organizations is assumed to be correct.

You are welcome to email us at liza@wdweb.com with any suggestions for changes, additions or deletions.

Resources

Avalon, Classic Thermographers, Wedding StationersLatin America, Robert T. Buckman, The World Today Series, Stryker-Post Publication, 1997

Mimi Doke, Master Bridal Consultant

Teddy Lenderman, Master Bridal Consultant

Renee Ramirez

Cecilia Herrera

Giftware News, November 1993, June 1995

Modern Bride, Wedding Celebrations, Cele Goldsmith Lalli and Stephanie Dahl, John Wiley & Sons, 1992¬

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